Critical Facts About Waterborne Diseases In The United States and Abroad, by John Hawthorne

If you live in a developed country, and I assume many of you are if you’re reading this, waterborne diseases probably aren’t something you typically worry about. But did you know that poor water sanitation and a lack of safe drinking water take a greater human toll than war, terrorism and weapons of mass destruction combined?

Even in America, pumps, pipes and purification facilities could all fail, leaving you susceptible to waterborne diseases.

So what exactly are waterborne diseases? How many people are actually affected by them? How do we keep our water clean and safe? How many people are dying from these diseases, and what can we do to prevent that from happening? We’ll answer all of those questions here.

How Much Drinkable Water Is There?

First things first. Before we can understand why waterborne diseases are so prevalent, we need to have a clear understanding of how much drinkable water is actually available.

While nearly 70 percent of the world is covered in water, only 2.5 percent of it is drinkable. And of that, only 1 percent of it is easily accessible, with the rest trapped in glaciers and snowfields.

Since most of the Earth’s fresh water is frozen at the North and South poles, that leaves the rest of the fresh water in surface water and groundwater. Surface water is found in the Earth’s lakes, rivers, and streams. Groundwater is just surface water that has made its way into the soil.

You might be wondering if we will ever run out of fresh water. Our population is rapidly increasing, and most of our uses for fresh water are increasing right along with it. So, will we always have enough fresh water to go around?  We will.

The Earth is very efficient when it comes to recycling its water.  Every drop of water continue to read the article

Democratic Corruption: The Case of Nigeria, By Ogunmakin Oyewumi

Democracy or democratic system of government is one of the most reputable system of government that gives values and recognition to the citizens of a particular country on how to shape their destiny or government through periodic franchise or referendum without being under duress or any intimidation. It is the most widely used system of government since the fall of the Berlin Wall in 1991 because there is no alternative to it. Thus, this in my own opinion is why the concept lack a unique definition because. James Bryce in his two monumental works, The American Commonwealth (1893) and Modern Democracies (1921), defined democracy as “the rule of the people expressing their sovereign will through their votes”. However, the road to democracy in Nigeria was arduous, but we finally re-adopted the system in 1999. Hence, we have been witnessing an ‘unhindered’ democratic system of government since then.

Corruption on the other hand is regarded as an immoral and illegitimate use of public power for the benefit of private interest is one of the main problems threatening the developments of this country. Thus, it is not news that corruption is one of the pains in the neck of Nigeria democratic development. It is institutionalized in every Ministries, Departments and Agencies of government and it is systemic. The question is how is the Nigerian state corrupt using democracy as the basis of our analysis? To what extent can democracy as a system of government develop the Nigerian state? To what extent can or will the political class deviates from corruption? Continue reading “Democratic Corruption: The Case of Nigeria, By Ogunmakin Oyewumi”

You’re Powerful

If they say I can’t, And I say I can, I have to choose whose word I believe, And then prove it! It’s tempting to choose what they say, because it’s easier to prove; Just do nothing

Little Drops or a Heavy Downpour

There’s a reason we care about hurricanes. They come upon us all of a sudden. Cable TV, Mayors, Governors and FEMA jump in. On the other hand, sea levels are rising every day and have been doing so for a long time. In the long run, whether is instantaneous like a hurricane or drip drip like the sea level, the effect is the same.

Competing with Artificial Intelligence

I was just reading an article about how artificial intelligence (AI) is going me to make me obsolete in a few years, which was a little disheartening. As I thought about the article, it occurred to me that there are few areas I can always have the advantage over AI  if I work on them. One thing that came to mind is learning how to show more empathy and care. On these, I know I’ll have the edge over AI for some time.

Clear Your Mental Cache and Restart

Occasionally,  we clear our computer cache and history when performance is cranky. Once everything has failed, the IT expert on the other end of the phone may even ask you to do this. In many cases, there is improvement in performance, even if it doesn’t solve the whole problem.

We need to do this to our brains every now and then. Sometimes you’re just feeling too heavy and sluggish because you cache is filled with negative emotions: fear, anger, resentment, hatred, jealousy… This load puts extra demands on your processor impairing your thinking.

In times like these, the best solution may be simply take a pause, clear your mental load, and restart.

Transitions in Africa: The Two Sides of the Story

This months elections occurred in two African countries, Ghana and the Gambia. On Dec 1, 2016, Gambia went to the polls in which, unexpectedly, opposition candidate Adama Barrow defeated long-term incumbent Yahya Jammeh. Ghana followed up on Dec 7. Here also the leader of the New Patriotic Party (NPP), the main opposition party, Nana Addo Dankwa Akuffo Addo defeated the incumbent president John Mahama, in what can be described as a landslide, looking at how close elections have been in Ghana over the past 20 years or so.

The post elections developments in the two countries though are different. In Gambia, Mr. Jammeh alleges widespread voter fraud and is calling for another fresh elections, in line with how politics is done in many African countries. In Ghana, President Mahama has called to congratulate Nana Addo and has promised to assist in a peaceful transition and his support for the incoming president to move the country forward.

These are the two faces of Africa. Maybe in the years to come, the Ghana story will be the norm but for now, we will be leaving with the two sides.

While the western media makes so much about events such as happening in the Gambia, there are many examples of the Ghana standard, and that deserve the same amount of media coverage.

Good News: Child Mortality Decreasing

A new UN reports says between 1990 and 2015, child mortality decreased by a whopping 53%! Looking at the number of children who die under 5 years, the number was 12.7 million in 1990, but projected to be under 6 million in 2015.

In Africa, oil-rich Angola has the highest rate of child deaths up to 254 per 1,000 births, followed by Somalia, Chad and Central African Republic